Volume 7.18 | May 12

Mesenchymal Cell News 7.18 May 12, 2015
Mesenchymal Cell News
     In this issue: Publications | Reviews | Industry News | Policy News | Events | Jobs
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TOP STORY
Hypoxic Preconditioning of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Induces Metabolic Changes, Enhances Survival, and Promotes Cell Retention In Vivo
Given that many hypoxic signals are transitory and that the therapeutic administration of mesenchymal stem cells/multipotent stromal cells is typically into tissues that are normally hypoxic, researchers studied the effect of hypoxic preconditioning prior to new exposure to hypoxia. [Stem Cells] Abstract
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PUBLICATIONS (Ranked by impact factor of the journal)
Role of Cytoskeletal Tension in the Induction of Cardiomyogenic Differentiation in Micropatterned Human Mesenchymal Stem Cell
Investigators report that micropatterning plays an important role in regulating the optimal cytoskeletal tension development in human mesenchymal stem cell via cell mechanotransduction pathways to induce cardiomyogenic differentiation. [Adv Healthc Mater] Abstract

Endothelial Cells Direct Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells for Osteo- and Chondro-Lineage Differentiation through Endothelin-1 and AKT Signaling
Scientists investigated whether co-cultured human aortic endothelial cells were able to regulate expression of potency- and lineage-related markers in bone marrow-derived human mesenchymal stem cells. [Stem Cell Res Ther] Full Article

Comparative Analysis of Mesenchymal Stem Cell and Embryonic Tendon Progenitor Cell Response to Embryonic Tendon Biochemical and Mechanical Factors
The authors examined the effects of factors involved in embryonic tendon development on adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), and compared MSC responses to that of embryonic tendon progenitor cells, a model system of tenogenically differentiating cells. [Stem Cell Res Ther] Full Article

Osteogenic Differentiation of Human MSCs: Specific Occupancy of the Mitochondrial DNA by NFATc1 Transcription Factor
Scientists investigated the recruitment of Slug and NFATc1 at the D-loop regulatory region of mitochondrial DNA in osteogenic differentiated human mesenchymal stem cells with the aim of exploring whether Slug and NFATc1 also act as mitoTFs in the mitochondrial pool of nuclear transcription factors. [Int J Biochem Cell Biol] Abstract

Cysteamine Treatment Restores the In Vitro Ability to Differentiate along the Osteoblastic Lineage of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Isolated from Bone Marrow of a Cystinotic Patient
The authors tested the phenotypical and functional properties of cystinotic mesenchymal stromal cells isolated from bone marrow aspirate of a patient with nephropathic cystinosis. Morphology, proliferative capacity, immunophenotype and immunomodulatory properties were analyzed. [J Transl Med] Abstract | Full Article

Growth Hormone Action Influences Adipogenesis of Mouse Adipose Tissue-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells
Scientists elucidated the role of growth hormone (GH) on adipose tissue derived mesenchymal stem cells adipogenesis using cells isolated from male GH receptor gene knockout, bovine GH transgenic and wild-type littermate control mice. [J Endocrinol] Abstract

High Glucose Induces Bone Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cell Senescence by Upregulating Autophagy
Researchers investigated the role of high glucose (HG)-induced autophagy in bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell senescence. HG increased expression of Beclin-1, Atg 5, 7 and 12, generation of LC3‑II and autophagosome formation which was correlated with development of cell senescence. [PLoS One] Full Article

The Effects of α-Zearalanol on the Proliferation of Bone-Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Their Differentiation into Osteoblasts
Investigators explored the effects of α-zearalanol on the proliferation of mouse bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells and their differentiation into osteoblasts. [J Bone Miner Metab] Abstract

Anti-Senescence Effects of DNA Methyltransferase Inhibitor RG108 in Human Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Researchers used a DNA methyltransferase inhibitor, RG108, to investigate the senescence effects in human bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells. [Biotechnol Appl Biochem] Abstract

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REVIEWS
Adipose Tissue-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells as a Strategy to Improve Recovery after Stroke
The authors focus on adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AD-MSC) treatment for ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke in experimental animal models. They also explore the optimization of treatment conditions including AD-MSC production, administration routes and therapeutic windows for their appropriate use in patients. [Expert Opin Biol Ther] Abstract

Visit our reviews page to see a complete list of reviews in the mesenchymal cell research field.

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INDUSTRY NEWS
Nikon and Lonza Form Collaboration for Cell and Gene Therapy Manufacturing in Japan
Lonza and Nikon Corporation announced an exclusive collaboration in the field of cell and gene therapy manufacturing in Japan. Nikon will have access to Lonza’s quality and operating systems, facility design and ongoing consulting services for the establishment of a wholly owned Nikon cell and gene therapy contract manufacturing business. [Lonza Group Ltd.] Press Release

Asterias Biotherapeutics Promotes Edward Wirth, M.D., Ph.D. to Chief Medical Officer
Asterias Biotherapeutics, Inc. announced the promotion of Edward D. Wirth, III, M.D., Ph.D., to the newly created role of Chief Medical Officer. [Asterias Biotherapeutics, Inc.] Press Release

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POLICY NEWS
National Institutes of Health (United States)

Food and Drug Administration (United States)

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (United States)

European Medicines Agency (European Union)

Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (United Kingdom)

Therapeutic Goods Administration (Australia)
 
EVENTS
NEW 2nd International Conference on Regenerative Medicine in Asia (IAIM-2015)
May 30, 2015
Bangkok, Thailand

NEW 13th Annual International Cord Blood Symposium (ICBS)
June 11-13, 2015
San Francisco, United States

Visit our events page to see a complete list of events in the mesenchymal cell community.
 
JOB OPPORTUNITIES
NEW Postdoctoral Position – Biomaterials (University of São Paulo)

Research Associate – Mesenchymal (STEMCELL Technologies Inc.)

Scientist – Myogenic Progenitor Cell Biology (STEMCELL Technologies Inc.)

Tenure-Track Fellowship – Musculoskeletal Biology (University of Liverpool)

Assistant/Associate/Full Professor – Stem Cell Biology & Regenerative Medicine (University of Illinois Chicago College of Medicine)

PhD Position – Biomaterials & Regenerative Medicine (Florida Atlantic University)

Faculty Positions – Stem Cell & Regenerative Medicine (The University of Texas Medical School at Houston)

Postdoctoral Position – Stem Cells (Technion – Israel Institute of Technology)

Postdoctoral Fellowship – Hematology, Immunology, Stem Cell Transplantation, Cancer Therapeutics (The Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s Hospital)

Cell Culture Specialist – Mesenchymal Stem Cell and Neural Stem Cell Cultures (Tisch MS Research Center of New York)

Postdoctoral Fellow/Research Associate – Leukemia, Stem Cells and Development (Josep Carreras Leukemia Research Institute)


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